Numerical and Experimental Explorations for the Formability of Drawing Square Cups Through Deep Drawing Operation (January 2020)
This study aims to examine the formability of drawing cups having square shapes through direct deep drawing process on a single action press through one pass. This can be accomplished by conducting an FE simulation and performing an experimental investigation on steel substrate type AISI 1008 blank with diameter and thickness dimensions 80, 0.5 mm respectively. To explore and analyze the formability of such a drawing process, two process parameters have been included in this work which is the speed of punch (30 and 300 mm/min) and the lubrication state (with machine oil and dry drawing). Both direct and indirect measurements of thickness strain have been adopted as an indicator of the sheet formability. The results of both FE simulation and experimental work demonstrate that the square drawing of the AISI sheet has been accomplished for all the four cups produced since the highest thinning over the cup wall does not exceed 25% of the original thickness. Generally, there is a good match between the experimental values of the indirect method and the FEM results for all models such that the largest deviation is about 25%. The direct method of thickness measurement is determined to be non-confident as strain values are practically unacceptable. Additionally, higher formability of the sheet has been realized at lower punch speeds. Furthermore, no significant difference has been observed in the formability at both speeds of punch when using a lubricant compared to the dry drawing operation.
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