Chemical Extraction Process for Producing High Purity Nanosilica from Iraqi Rice Husk
Rice husk is considered a main agricultural waste in Iraq. High purity SiO2 NPs were produced from rice husk by enhanced precipitation and developed leaching processes for the preparation of silica from RH. In this study, pre-treatment for rice husk was with 3N HCl, and calcination at 700°C was achieved, then followed with a leaching process with (1.5, 2, 2.5, 3) N NaOH concentrations. The characterizations of the prepared SiO2 NPs were studied by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The results show that the prepared SiO2 NPs have an amorphous structure with a high purity of 99.75%. The results of the X-Ray confirm the amorphous nature of the extracted SiO2 NPs. Also, the AFM results indicated that the average diameter of the SiO2 NPs was 85 nm. It was noted that the leaching processes and pretreatment methods determine the structure, particle size, and quality of the synthesized SiO2 NPs.
How to Cite
The author assigns to Engineering and Technology Journal with full title guarantee, all copyrights, rights in the nature of copyright, and all other intellectual property rights in the article throughout the world (present and future, and including all renewals, extensions, revivals, restorations and accrued rights of action). The Author represents that he/she is the author and proprietor of this Article and that this Article has not heretofore been published in any form. The Author warrants that he/she has obtained written permission and paid all fees for use of any literary or illustration material for which rights are held by others. The author agrees to hold the editor(s)/publisher harmless against any suit, demand, claim or recovery, finally sustained, by reason of any violation of proprietary right or copyright, or any unlawful matter contained in the submitted article.