The Effects of Sunlight on Particle matter & Radiation Pollution in Baghdad Airport Area
The gasses emitted from the various activities, in addition to particle matter (PM10) play a major role in air quality deterioration. Particles matter and radiation are two of the most important parameters that exist in airports and were evaluated considering the variations in sunlight energy. The measured values were collected from eleven sites, which were chosen based on their influence by aviation activities. The measurements were compared to the (Iraqi Regulations and U.S EPA) for particle matter. While for radiation, the measurements were compared with the U.S. National Institute of Health (NIH), International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP), and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). The data were statistically analyzed, and the values of maximum, the mean, and the standard deviation were calculated. It was found that the values of the above statistical parameters of PM were within the limitation in all points. On the other hand, values of radiation were also within the limits except for the mean, which was higher than the standard limits. Moreover, the analysis proved that sunlight decreases the ratio of detecting particle mater. On the contrary, radiation detection was increased with sunlight due to the amount of radiation, which enters the atmosphere from the sun. These findings are important to assess the environmental quality of airports.
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