Effect of Hollow Shape on the Behavior of Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete Slender Column Under Eccentric Loading
Results of testing reinforced self-compacted concrete slender columns having longitudinal holes concealing PVC pipe in their cross sections under axial compression load and uniaxial bending are presented in this paper. The effect of hollow shape on the performance of slender columns having 200x200mm quadratic cross section and 1300mm long under concentric and eccentric loads was investigated. Three different shapes of central hole: circular, square, and lozenge pattern in addition to the different load eccentricity values were considered to investigate the axial loading resistance and cracking load, lateral and longitudinal deflections of the columns. Test results have showed that altering the hollow shape inside the area of column cross section does not show a great influence on the column behavior unless the hollow ratio changed. The effect of hole shape or the hollow ratio on loading capacity is insignificant but the existence of a hole embedded longitudinally in the column significantly decreases its ultimate capacity. The effect of hollow shape or hollow ratio on a slender columns behavior subjected to eccentric loading with small ratio of load eccentricity to total column thickness (e/h=.33) was more than that of large eccentricity (e/h=1.0). Accordingly, the decrease in loading column capacity of columns was (5.0%, 2.5%, and 6.6%) compared to (3.2%, 2.2%, and 4.7%) for the same hole shapes respectively.
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